The crawl space has an integral role towards a home’s overall value as well as the living space above. Most homeowners in Hixson Chattanooga don’t think twice about their crawl space unless they have to make repairs to plumbing, heating ducts or house wiring. While often thought of as no more than a storage area, it also has a tremendous impact on the overall indoor air quality of the entire home.
The Best Waterproofing Crawl Space In Hixson TN
By default, the air quality of a crawl space is typically poor. Mold, mildew, radon gas and poor energy efficiency all create several problems. The air that circulates within it eventually makes its way up through the living space. Scientific studies show that up to 50% of living space air originates from the lowest level of the home. With homeowners more concerned about their home’s indoor air quality, the encapsulating of crawl spaces has become a popular solution for such problems.
A damp crawl space creates a safe harbor for harmful molds, in addition to dust mites, termites and other bugs that can infest the home. The presence of excessive moisture will also create a serious problem with the probability for the wooden structure of a home to deteriorate. Crawl space vents pose a further problem. While believed to be a solution to moisture problems, they, unfortunately, make the problem worse. As it turns out, the vents allow cold air and moisture in, which rises into the living area and therefore decreases the heating efficiency of the entire home.
Another all-too-common problem associated with crawl spaces is radon gas. Though it cannot be seen, smelled or tasted, radon is a radioactive gas that can contribute to poor health, including cancer. Radon gas makes its way through the earth, into the crawl space and the home’s living space. According to the U.S.E.P.A., radon gas is the number one leading cause of lung cancer in non-smokers.
Ignoring these various conditions is not recommended for both long-term health and energy usage. Fully encapsulating a crawl space – by both sealing and insulating – is a fully efficient measure in addressing such problems. It makes sense to maintain and improve the lower level area in order to maximize healthy living conditions and home resale value.
While there are several systems for encapsulating, a zero perm liner system that also insulates and reflects heat provides the most benefits. With a proper floor and wall liner, the area will not only be well insulated but will seal out moisture, bug infestation, and radon gas. Other components to look for in a system include a radon gas-dispersing drain fabric, a radon gas ventilation pipe, and a ceiling heat shield.
A complete system with all of the above components will allow any soil gasses – including radon gas – that naturally occur under the liner system, to wick through the drain fabric and escape out through the ventilation pipe. While improved indoor air quality is the primary benefit of a sealed and insulated crawl space, the homeowner will also appreciate a bright, clean, and dry storage area; the ridding of musty smells; less energy usage; and tax credits. Contractors encapsulating crawl spaces will have more to offer to their clients when they can assure the peace of mind with improved indoor air quality.
Save Money By Using Crawl Space DIY Kits
The single best thing you can do to eliminate moisture and odors coming from the crawlspace is to apply a heavy sheet of plastic. Plastic wrap comes in clear or black and in different thicknesses. Purchase either color and with a thickness of at least 6 mil or better yet 10 mil.
Roll out the plastic so that all of the crawlspace floor is completely covered with plastic. When you have to cut the plastic to go around something, be sure to cover the cut with additional plastic or lap the original layer over the cut out. It's OK to use duck tape on the plastic vapor barrier as well. Just be sure to not have any voids in the plastic where moisture and odors can still get through.
The walls of the crawlspace should be covered as well to better eliminate moisture concerns as they can harbor condensation, a major source of moisture issues. Just roll out extra length of plastic so that you can run it up the crawlspace wall and using the stapler, tack along the ledger board located just above the concrete block or poured wall.
If you eliminate odors, moisture from the crawlspace and other undesirable elements coming from the ground beneath your home, your family will be living in a much healthier environment.
Although this task can be accomplished by yourself, it will be much easier if you can get a buddy or helper to go into your crawlspace and aid in the rolling out of the plastic barrier.
6 mil plastic is fine, however, if you can find thicker plastic (greater than 6 mil) then it will be much harder to rip or tear as you move along the crawlspace.
Proper Crawl Space Ventilation Can Improve Living Space Air Quality Inside Your Home
I've been in the crawl space business for 15 years and I've seen almost every system you could imagine - from spray foams to concrete to thin plastic sheets. Some are better than others, but the only real way to encapsulate the area beneath your home is to install a liner with zero permeability.
What is Zero Perm?
Zero Perm means just that absolutely no water, moisture, radon gas or odors will penetrate through it. Tests have to show 0.000 penetration of Hydrogen gas (the smallest gas molecule) through the membrane. The whole idea of spending the money to encapsulate the crawl space or basement is to STOP water, moisture, radon gas and any unpleasant odors. Liners that are 6, 12 and 20mil thick are NOT Zero Perm and will still let in harmful gasses as well as letting in moisture that will only continue to feed the mold and bugs that try to get in your home.
What Else Should I Look for in a Liner?
If you are going to spend the time & money to install a crawl space liner look for more benefits as well as zero permeability. Look for liners that are
- Energy Star Rated to get a 30% Tax Credit back on your purchase
- R Value of 5 to add insulation & increase your heating/ cooling efficiency
- Reflectivity value of 97% to prevent radiant heat loss
- Class A / Class 1 fire rating
Homeowners all over are finding that improving the homes they have is more cost effective than buying new. Some homeowners like the fact that they can save money by doing the work themselves and some still prefer to have someone else do the installation. Either way, using a Zero Perm, Energy Star Rated encapsulation system is a great way to pre-finish a basement or any area underneath your home.
Crawl Space Masters Specializes In Crawl Space Encapsulation in Hixson TN.